In October 2015, the European Court of Justice determined that the Safe Harbor Agreement was invalid. In accordance with the agreement, U.S. companies were able to self-certify that they met European data privacy regulations. But these principles were not effectively implemented at those companies. Edward Snowden's revelations also demonstrated that U.S. security authorities store all of the personal data transmitted to the United States. The protection of personal data is part of the shared fundamental values in Europe. It is now up to the German government, the EU Commission and the United States to create an appropriate basis for secure data exchange between Europe and the United States.
For Deutsche Telekom, the European Court of Justice's decision means that we are heading in the right direction. We called for an "Internet of short distances" at an early stage, ensuring a direct path from the sender to the recipient when transferring data - without any detours through other jurisdictions such as the United States. This has already been implemented in our networks.
European business customers are critical of data storage outside of Europe; demand for secure cloud services "made in Europe" is growing. Our security solutions integrate these requirements; we guarantee the same high security standards for all of our data centers. We also develop products for consumers, such as products offering end-to-end encryption, and solutions for SMEs to detect and fend off hacker attacks in real time. In addition to data security, we have also introduced measures for consumer and youth protection.
To us, security is more than just protecting data and infrastructure - it also means protecting the public's health. We have established a Group-wide basis for this with our EMF policy.