The CO2 Emissions ESG KPI indicates the development of absolute as well as relative emissions compared to the base year 2008. The comparative value from the base year is 3,362 metric thd. tons of CO2.
We had assumed there would be a slight decline in the CO2 Emissions ESG KPI for 2015, i. e., a slight improvement. This is consistent with the actual trend, which is in particular due to the aforementioned stable development in electricity consumption and the slight fall in emissions from fuel and natural gas consumption.
The developments in power consumption are the main drivers of the trend in our CO2 emissions. We therefore expect our CO2 Emissions ESG KPI to fall slightly in 2016 and 2017. Our expectation for the Group units participating in the climate protection target (excluding T-Mobile US) is that, in 2020, CO2 emissions will lie 20 percent below the rate of the base year 2008.
For detailed comments on the figures for each national company, please refer to the interactive benchmarking tool.
We calculated our CO2 emission values based on different energy and fuel consumption data. Calculation complied with the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol and was based on emission factors set forth by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and/or the GHG Protocol calculation tools. The total value reflects direct (Scope 1) and indirect (Scope 2) emissions.
Since our CO2 emissions are largely driven by our power consumption, the resulting positive trend is similar to the development described for the Energy Consumption ESG KPI.
By measuring progress based on our CO2 Emissions ESG KPI , we report our CO2 emissions in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol together with our self-defined CO2 reduction goal, thereby complying with criterion 13 of the German Sustainability Code (Greenhouse gas emissions). By reporting this data, we fully cover the G4-EN15 (Direct GHG emissions), G4-EN16 (Energy indirect GHG emissions) and G4-EN17 (Other indirect GHG emissions) GRI indicators and partially cover the E02-01 (Scope 1-3 greenhouse gas emissions) EFFAS indicator. This data is also relevant for criteria 7 (Rules and processes), 11 and 12 (Usage of natural resources) and 13 (Greenhouse gas emissions) of the German Sustainability Code. It is also used for reporting on the Global Compact principles 7 (Precautionary approach) and 8 (Promoting environmental responsibility).
Our CO2 emissions are largely driven by our power consumption. The year-over-year decrease of 5 percent is largely due to the use of energy certificates (RECS , GOO) at Magyar Telekom in Hungary, T-Mobile Poland and Cosmote in Greece.
For the first time, we distinguished between "location-based" and "market-based"methods in calculating the Scope 2 emissions in the table below. The"location-based" method is based on emission factors for certain geographic locations; i.e., without taking a company's individual power mix into consideration. The "market-based" method on the other hand is based on the emissions actually generated by a power source. In this method, procuring renewable energy decreases the emission results. If the power source being used and thus the emission factor cannot be clearly determined, a residual factor is applied for calculation. This residual factor is sometimes considerably higher than the regional power mix factor.
By reporting our direct and indirect CO2 emissions (Scope 1 & 2) in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, we fully cover the G4-EN15 (Direct GHG emissions) and G4-EN16 (Energy indirect GHG emissions) and partially cover the E02-01 (Total Scope 1-3 greenhouse gas emissions) EFFAS indicator. This data is also relevant for criteria 11 and 12 (Usage of natural resources) and 13 (GHG emissions) of the German Sustainability Code. It is also used for reporting on the Global Compact principles 7 (Precautionary approach) and 8 (Promoting environmental responsibility).