With some 28,000 vehicles registered in Germany alone (including transporters and small transporters), our company fleet is one of the largest in Europe. Our fleet's carbon footprint reflects approx. 10 percent of our direct and indirect emissions (scope 1 and 2 according to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol) in Germany. That is why measures for sustainable, low-emissions mobility make an important contribution in helping us achieve our climate protection goals within the scope of "low carbon society" CR action area.
Telekom is pursuing a three-pillar strategy in order to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of its fleet:
- Rightsize: By choosing state-of-the-art, efficient vehicles, we are working toward making our fleet more environmentally friendly. Telekom's mobility services provider, Telekom MobilitySolutions, has always explicitly selected low-emissions models for our service vehicles. Greater emphasis is now also being placed on this aspect for company cars. Our Green Car Policy is paving the way.
- Economize: Our employees who use company cars learn how to drive as efficiently as possible in special driving courses.
- Substitute: We are testing different mobility concepts with the goal of being able to use low-emissions drive systems in the future.
We were able to make further progress toward establishing a sustainable fleet during the reporting period due to our strict Green Car Policy . The average CO2 emissions of our new company cars decreased from 131 g/km in 2011 to 128 g/km (based on manufacturers' standard mileage information). If we include service vehicles in this calculation, the average CO2 emissions of all new vehicles were down from 125 to 120 g/km. That means that we have already met the European Union's climate protection targets set for 2015 for new cars at 120 g/km and are well below the national average in Germany of 142 g/km CO2 (exclusively manufacturer data based on information provided by the German Federal Motor Transport Authority).Find out more
On April 1, 2010, Telekom Deutschland introduced its Green Car Policy for company cars and revised its previous car procurement strategy to include environmental aspects. The policy sets forth a CO2-based selection procedure when purchasing new company cars. These include vehicles provided by Telekom to employees on account of their position or function that can also be used privately.
The intention is to reduce standard emission levels of all new fleet vehicles to an average of 110 g/km by 2015, an objective that is also supported by purchasing energy-efficient service vehicles. This corresponds to an average consumption of 4.2 liters of diesel per 100 kilometers. Even today, Telekom MobilitySolutions only provides cars with a maximum CO2 emissions level of 190 g/km.
We introduced a bonus/penalty program on April 1, 2010 as part of the Green Car Policy in order to motivate employees to choose low-emission cars. Employees share the increased costs of both mobility and greater strain on the environment in the form of a penalty if they choose a car with a high CO2 emissions level. Users who choose a low-emission car receive a bonus in relation to the savings in fuel costs. Profits generated from the penalties are donated each year to environmental projects.
As in previous years, the German environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) reviewed the CO2 emissions of different vehicle fleets in Germany and presented them with a red, yellow or green card again in 2012. Together with six other companies, Deutsche Telekom was presented with a yellow card despite its exceptional car fleet. Only four of the 162 companies reviewed received a green card and 151 companies were given a red card. That included the 112 companies who did not provide any information for the review. That puts Telekom among the top 10 percent. DUH justified the rating by stating that, even though environmental management policies are visibly in effect at our company, they are not extensive enough. According to DUH, the CO2 emissions produced by the company cars used by Telekom Board members, an average of 185 g/km, are inconsistent with a low-emissions fleet.
We addressed the criticism and looked deeper into the matter. However, we do not feel that it applies in all regards. Some of our Board members even chose to forgo a car completely. We have been able to significantly reduce the emissions generated by the remaining six cars of Board members over the past few years. What's more, these vehicles are only a small part of the more than 23,000 cars that make up our entire fleet. However, it is important to select cars for our Board members that set an example. That is why our Board members voluntarily decided to follow the Green Car Policy , which is valid in Germany, when selecting company cars.
Under this policy, we are promoting a constant improvement process throughout the Group with the goal of reducing the average CO2 emissions of new cars in our fleet to 110 g/km by 2015, putting us below the European Union's target of 120 g/km. This also includes the cars used by our Board of Management members.
Our employees who use our service vehicles can learn how to drive as efficiently as possible in special driving courses, an important component in our efforts to reduce CO2 emissions. Around 1,600 of our employees participated in some 80 eco-driving courses in 2012. The offer was targeted specifically at our technical field service employees, Deutsche Telekom trainees and employees with hearing impairments.
We also plan to offer our eco-driving courses at the Group level. We are planning to employ a combined eco-driving and driver safety training for employees of Telekom's technical departments in Germany in 2013. Eco-driving and safety training courses continue to be an integral part of vocational training for apprentices in their second year at the company. The course are offered in collaboration with the German motor and driving service company, ADAC, and Post and Telekom Accident Insurance Fund, UKPT. We will also continue our training offer for employees with hearing impairments.Find out more
The training program is an effective tool to reduce our fleet's fuel consumption and a significant contribution by Telekom MobilitySolutions to achieving Telekom's climate protection objectives. A study on driving behavior of around 540 drivers of T-Systems International company cars from 2011 indicated savings of around 5 percent.
Telekom MobilitySolutions, Telekom's mobility service provider, has considerably reduced its natural gas fleet over the past few years. Manufacturers did not offer cars in the required categories in 2012 either. Telekom was still using 93 natural gas-powered cars at the end of 2012, which emit less CO2 and other pollutants than other vehicles.
Telekom has been testing other alternative drive systems besides natural gas-powered engines for years. During the reporting period, we continued to work on different projects and tested the suitability of the cars for our service.
We were able to complete the pilot test featuring two electric cars by Renault, which was launched in North Rhine-Westphalia in spring 2011, on schedule during the reporting period. The results of the test showed that the cars are definitely suitable to be used as service vehicles for special purposes in cities and conurbations but that their range is too limited for them to be used as fleet vehicles. We saw the same results during test operation of a small electric car by Volkswagen at a Telekom site in Berlin. The e-car's daily mileage cannot exceed 120 kilometers.
Deutsche Telekom has also been supporting the e-Mobility Berlin project, which is one of the most extensive field tests with electric cars worldwide, since 2010. In this project, Telekom MobilitySolutions and other Group units have been testing the use of four electric Smart cars. We also tested two Smart electric drive cars in an e-mobility project at our Bonn location during the same period of time. The projects are expected to continue until 2014. Telekom employees have been able to test electric Smarts during service trips since January 28, 2013, as part of this pilot project. All they have to do is sign up and then pick up their electric Smart from the charging station and use it for short trips. Two of the cars, which are being used as rental cars, are located in Berlin and one in Bonn.
We are trying to make employee business trips within Germany as green as possible in cooperation with Deutsche Bahn. In February 2010, we signed an agreement with Deutsche Bahn AG to eliminate the carbon footprint caused by employees traveling by train. According to the certificate granted by TÜV Süd technical services company, Deutsche Telekom compensated for around 4,500 tons of CO2 by investing in climate protection projects in 2012. The partners have compensated for a total of around 13,800 tons of CO2 since beginning the collaboration in February 2010.
An average of 23,700 Telekom employees in Germany used a discount season ticket to commute to work during the reporting period. The number of users did not increase for the first time during the reporting period compared to the previous year. According to a representative survey, our employees commute an average of 30 kilometers twice a day. That means CO2 savings of around 11,376 metric tons compared to taking the car. In our calculations we assume that a car emits an average of 120 g CO2/km compared to 80 g CO2/km in public transport.
A regional season ticket offer is available at many Telekom offices, particularly those located in large conurbations in Germany. We signed a new agreement with the Ruhr-Lippe traffic association during the reporting period. Thanks to this agreement an additional 43 employees are now using the discount season ticket in these areas. Due to the lack of demand, we were unable to make any additional offers during the reporting period.
We plan to introduce a discount season ticket in the public transport areas in and surrounding the German cities of Kassel, Siegen and Schwäbisch Hall as well. We intend to provide parking spaces for our employees at these locations for a fee and use the money to subsidize the discount season tickets. That way we can promote the use of climate-friendly public transportation by providing even more affordable discount season tickets and lay the foundation for cutting back on parking lots or planting them with plants and trees that will benefit the climate.
A telecommunications company needs a large fleet of company vehicles – for maintenance, customer service and other related purposes. Consequently, there is a great deal of potential for introducing more climate-friendly solutions, such as less thirsty engines and electric-powered vehicles.
- At Makedonski Telekom, for example, GPS systems in the company car fleet are helping to save fuel. In the reporting period GPS systems were installed in 330 cars in the company fleets of the Deutsche Telekom subsidiaries, Makedonski Telekom and T-Mobile Macedonia.
- By changing its vehicle purchasing policy to go for cars with smaller engines (1.6 instead of 2 liters) and replacing 9 percent of its fleet, the Montenegrin subsidiary Crnogorski Telekom reduced the average consumption from 8.6 to 6.8 liters/100 km.
- T-Systems and T-Mobile Austria's shared fleet is now being used more efficiently thanks to the T-ePower car sharing solution. Employees used to have to book one of the 24 pool cars via e-mail or Outlook calender. It wasn't possible to book a car spontaneously or pick it up outside of specified hours. With T-ePower, employees can use a booking portal to reserve a car. No more keys—just make a phone call and the car door opens. The car keys and registration papers are kept in the trunk of the car. T-ePower doesn't use the car's electronics, so it is not dependent on the manufacturer and can be used with any model. In 2012, T-Mobile Austria also added an electric Smart car to its car sharing pool, which currently features around 220 cars.
- In September 2012 T-Mobile in the Czech Republic organized an educational campaign during European mobility week and ran a competition to find the T-Mobile Eco Driver of the year 2012. The campaign address T-Mobile employees and included renewable resources as well as mobile phone recycling.
- Makedonski Telekom staged an eco-driving campaign, which included advice for its employees on more economical driving practices.
- In Washington State, USA, the T-Mobile Rideshare Program encourages employees of T-Mobile USA to participate in ridesharing in order to reduce the number of commute trips. Ridesharing is defined as carpooling, vanpooling, riding a bike or bus, walking, being dropped off or telecommuting. To encourage more eco-efficient travel the company offers employees who participate in the Rideshare Program a subsidy of between $40 and $75 per month and/or a free bus pass. Approx. 1,500 T-Mobile employees are taking part.