Glossary.

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L
Labor Cost Management

Project to make personnel costs and remuneration structures transparent at international subsidiaries throughout the Group.

Load shifting

Load shifting  can be used within a smart grid to reduce the load on power lines during peak load times. To do this, ICT is used to schedule power consumption, e.g. by switching on appliances such as washing machines or charging electric car batteries during off-peak periods. Load shifting  results in lower costs if using flexible power rates and precise billing periods. Consumption of electricity can also be more effectively adjusted to fluctuating sun and wind energy, which is becoming more frequent as a result of the switchover to renewable energy sources in Germany.

Load-adaptive operation

Energy-efficient operation of equipment such as data centers or network nodes. In load-adaptive operation, only those components that are actually needed at that moment to process current data traffic are activated.

Low Carbon Society

The term "low carbon society" refers to a scenario for future development of the world economy in which greenhouse gas emissions, above all CO2 emissions, are greatly reduced in order to slow down the ongoing climate change. Increased efficiency based on the use of innovative information and communications technologies can play a vital role in this field.

Low-frequency electromagnetic fields

Low-frequency electrical and magnetic fields (between 1 hertz and 100 kilohertz) are primarily generated by technical applications. Electrical and magnetic fields that are significant in everyday life are mainly generated by power supply, household devices and electrical installations.

LTE (Long Term Evolution)

LTE is the successor of the UMTS mobile communications standard and guarantees high transmission speeds and short connection times: more than 100 Mbit/s downstream and 50 Mbit/s for upstream.