2nd & 3rd generation mobile communications.
In addition to setting up state-of-the-art mobile communications networks, Telekom is also continuing to drive expansion of the current 2G and 3G infrastructure. This will enable more and more people to participate in the information and knowledge society through a fast connection. We are also upgrading older systems to meet state-of-art systems technology, which will improve their performance and energy efficiency.
Customers in all of Germany's highly populated areas can also go online via UMTS (Universal mobile telecommunications system), the third generation (3G ) mobile communications technology. With the UMTS-based protocol, High Speed Packet Access+ (HSPA+), data transmission speeds can be increased to DSL level, i.e., up to 42.2 Mbit/s.
Telekom is recognized as the mobile communications quality leader in Germany. We continue to expand our UMTS network as part of our technology mix in order to secure this position. By the end of 2012, we were providing UMTS-based HSPA+ coverage to 89 percent of the German population. We plan to continue network expansion in 2013 as well.
Improving the quality of mobile communications in 2G and 3G networks is another strategic goal throughout the Deutsche Telekom Group, and significant progress was made in a number of subsidiaries during the past reporting period.
Over 70 percent of the Slovakian population is now covered by Slovak Telekom's 3G network HSPA+ is available at 415 sites throughout the country. By the end of the reporting period, 3G HSPA+ (21 Mbps) outdoor coverage had reached 77 percent of the country's population.
Crnogorski Telekom, Deutsche Telekom's subsidiary in Montenegro, invested EUR 2.1 million in the modernization of its radio access network (RAN). With 267 2G sites 99 percent of the population is now covered by GPRS/EDGE technology , and with 90 3G sites (all IP-enabled) the UMTS/HSPA+ coverage has reached 72 percent of the population. EUR 200,000 was invested in IP microwave technology, with 32 TDM-based microwaves hops for 3G sites being replaced by IP microwave ones. During 2012, a total of EUR 200,000 was invested in three new 2G sites and five new 3G ones.
Thanks to a long-term network partnership that T-Mobile Austria entered into with a competitor, customers in Austria have been enjoying an expanded 3G network since late 2012. The agreement has enabled T-Mobile Austria to considerably improve its 3G network coverage, particularly in rural areas, increasing national network coverage to 94 percent. The collaboration is also cost-efficient and environmentally friendly as it eliminates the need for new 3G sites.
The AMC 3G network was rated the best in the market and awarded the 3G Business Excellence prize by the 4th Infocom Albania Forum, which took place in Tirana on November 20, 2012. "From Infrastructure Evolution to Digital Revolution" was the theme of Albania's only conference specializing on national and international ICT developments.