"Need fresh grass! Love, Bessie"? Not exactly. Sensors in a collar measure the cow's vital signs and activity and send the information to a data collector. The data collector then sends text messages to the farmer, for example, when a cow is about to give birth.
One of the first automated home computers was known as ECHO IV in 1966. It was meant to regulate temperature in the house, turn devices on and off and create shopping lists. It was never introduced to market, however, Its enormous size may have been one reason for this.
The Arctic in particular is severely affected by climate change. According to the SMARTer2030 study published by the Global e-Sustainability Initiative in 2015, using information and telecommunications technologies can help prevent a global increase in CO2 emissions. That means that CO2 emissions can be reduced by 12 billion tons by 2030 in comparison with carrying on as we are now. That is the equivalent of almost 20 percent of global emissions.
But it's about vast expanses all the same: Scope 3 is the term for harmful CO2 emissions in a company's upstream and downstream value chains. We measure these emissions. It's not science fiction, but it's still quite complicated. In the end, it is another way for us to reduce our climate impact.
Around 247 billion e-mails are sent worldwide every day. Studies suggest that roughly 80 percent of those e-mails are spam – i.e., e-mails that consist of unwanted advertising.