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  • 2016 Corporate Responsibility Report
2016 Corporate Responsibility Report

CO2 emissions

Carbon intensity ESG KPI Deutsche Telekom Group EU

The Carbon Intensity ESG KPI img was a new addition to the reporting this year. In contrast to the existing CO2 Emissions ESG KPI, the new ESG KPI shows the CO2 emissions in proportion to the transmitted data volumes. Using data volume as a reference parameter makes it possible to create a direct link to the performance of our networks.

Carbon intensity ESG KPI Deutsche Telekom Group EU

The ESG KPI figure also takes into account total CO2 emissions for all energy sources – fuel, gas, district heating and electricity, The data volume is composed of the transmitted IP img data volumes (including Voice over IP, Internet, IP-TV).

Reporting against standards

The Carbon Intensity ESG KPI img is relevant for the GRI indicator G4-EN18 (Greenhouse Gas Emissions Intensity). This information is relevant for EFFAS KPI E02-01 (Greenhouse gas emissions Scope 1-3). It is furthermore relevant for criterion 13 (Climate-relevant emissions and objectives) of the German Sustainability Codex. It is also used for reporting on the Global Compact img principles 7 (Precautionary approach) and 8 (Promoting environmental responsibility).

Carbon intensity ESG KPI DT Group in Germany

The Carbon Intensity ESG KPI img was a new addition to the reporting this year. In contrast to the existing CO2 Emissions ESG KPI, the new ESG KPI shows the CO2 emissions in proportion to the transmitted data volumes. Using data volume as a reference parameter makes it possible to create a direct link to the performance of our networks.

Carbon intensity ESG KPI DT Group in Germany

  Data assured by PwC. Data is partly based on estimates, assumptions and extrapolations.

The ESG KPI figure also takes into account total CO2 emissions for all energy sources – fuel, gas, district heating and electricity, The data volume is composed of the transmitted IP img data volumes (including Voice over IP, Internet, IP-TV).

Reporting against standards

The Carbon Intensity ESG KPI img is relevant for the GRI indicator G4-EN18 (Greenhouse Gas Emissions Intensity). This information is relevant for EFFAS KPI E02-01 (Greenhouse gas emissions Scope 1-3). It is furthermore relevant for criterion 13 (Climate-relevant emissions and objectives) of the German Sustainability Codex. It is also used for reporting on the Global Compact img principles 7 (Precautionary approach) and 8 (Promoting environmental responsibility).

CO2 emissions ESG KPI

The CO2 Emissions ESG KPI img indicates the development of absolute as well as relative emissions compared to the base year 2008. The comparative value from the base year is 3,362 metric thousand tons of CO2.

We had assumed there would be a slight decline in the CO2 Emissions ESG KPI for 2016, which stands for a slight improvement. In fact, CO2 emissions sank by 5 percent in the reporting period. This positive trend is mainly attributable to falling emissions from electricity consumption and from fuel consumption for our vehicle fleet.

Our electricity consumption is the main driver of our CO2 emissions. We therefore also expect a slight downward trend in our CO2 Emissions ESG KPI in the years 2017 and 2018. One of the goals we have set ourselves as part of our integrated climate strategy for the year 2020 is to reduce CO2 emissions throughout the Group (excluding T-Mobile US) to 20 percent below the figure for the base year 2008. The gradual network changeover to IP img will make a substantial contribution here.

For detailed comments on the figures for each national company, please refer to the interactive benchmarking tool.

We calculated our CO2 emission values based on different energy and fuel consumption data. Calculation complied with the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol and was based on emission factors set forth by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and/or the GHG Protocol img calculation tools. The total value reflects direct (Scope 1) and indirect (Scope 2) emissions. Since our CO2 emissions are largely driven by our power consumption, the resulting positive trend is similar to the development described for the Energy Consumption ESG KPI.

Reporting against standards

By measuring progress based on our CO2 Emissions ESG  KPI img , we report our CO2 emissions in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol together with our self-defined CO2 reduction goal, thereby complying with criterion 13 of the German Sustainability Code (Greenhouse gas emissions). By reporting this data, we fully cover the G4-EN15 (Direct GHG emissions), G4-EN16 (Energy indirect GHG emissions) and G4-EN17 (Other indirect GHG emissions) GRI indicators and partially cover the E02-01 (Scope 1-3 greenhouse gas emissions) EFFAS indicator. This data is also relevant for criteria 7 (Rules and processes), 11 and 12 (Usage of natural resources) and 13 (Greenhouse gas emissions) of the German Sustainability Code. It is also used for reporting on the Global Compact  principles 7 (Precautionary approach) and 8 (Promoting environmental responsibility).

CO2e Emissions (Scope 1 - 3)

The 2016 CR report provides the first general overview of all CO2 emissions by Deutsche Telekom (Scope 1-3). To ease comparisons, the Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions img were converted into metric kilotons of CO2 equivalents img. Emissions are presented along Deutsche Telekom's supply chain. This allows for an overview of where most of the emissions are produced.

CO2e-Emissionen (Scope 1-3)

Interactive graphics

  • 44%
  • 2%
  • 21%
  • 34%
  • Emissions from upstream activities

    Scope 3

    6.606 kt CO2e

    Transportation services, purchased products and services, capital goods, production waste, upstream energy and fuel supply chains, business travel, and employee commuting.

    Emissions from Deutsche Telekom's own activities

    Scope 1

    290 kt CO2e
    Operating the systems, buildings, and vehicles belonging to Deutsche Telekom.
    Emissions from purchased energy

    Scope 2

    3.130 kt CO2e
    Generation of district electricity and heating purchased by Deutsche Telekom.
    Emissions from downstream activities

    Scope 3

    5.095 kt CO2e
    Transportation of products sold to customers, use of sold and rented products and disposal and recycling of sold products.
Please click on the percent values for further information.

Reporting against standards

By measuring progress based on our CO2 Emissions ESG KPI img , we report our CO2 emissions in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol together with our self-defined CO2 reduction goal, thereby complying with criterion 13 of the German Sustainability Code (Greenhouse gas emissions). By reporting this data, we fully cover the G4-EN15 (Direct GHG emissions), G4-EN16 (Energy indirect GHG emissions) and G4-EN17 (Other indirect GHG emissions) GRI indicators and partially cover the E02-01 (Scope 1-3 greenhouse gas emissions) EFFAS indicator. This data is also relevant for criteria 7 (Rules and processes), 11 and 12 (Usage of natural resources) and 13 (Greenhouse gas emissions) of the German Sustainability Code. It is also used for reporting on the Global Compact img principles 7 (Precautionary approach) and 8 (Promoting environmental responsibility).

CO2 emissions (Scope 1 & 2)

Our CO2 emissions are largely driven by our power consumption. The year-over-year decrease of 5 percent is largely due to the use of energy certificates (RECS img, GOO) at Magyar Telekom in Hungary, T-Mobile Poland and Cosmote in Greece.

As last year, we distinguished between "location-based" and "market-based" methods in calculating the Scope 2 emissions img in the table below. The "location-based" method is based on emission factors for certain geographic locations; i.e., without taking a company's individual power mix into consideration. The "market-based" method on the other hand is based on the emissions actually generated by a power source. In this method, procuring renewable energy decreases the emission results. If the power source being used and thus the emission factor cannot be clearly determined, a residual factor is applied for calculation. This residual factor is sometimes considerably higher than the regional power mix factor.

Reporting against standards

By reporting our direct and indirect CO2 emissions (Scope 1 & 2) in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, we fully cover the G4-EN15 (Direct GHG emissions) and G4-EN16 (Energy indirect GHG emissions) and partially cover the E02-01 (Total Scope 1-3 greenhouse gas emissions) EFFAS indicator. This data is also relevant for criteria 11 and 12 (Usage of natural resources) and 13 (GHG emissions) of the German Sustainability Code. It is also used for reporting on the Global Compact  principles 7 (Precautionary approach) and 8 (Promoting environmental responsibility).

Total CO2 emissions (Scope 3) Deutsche Telekom in Europe*

The majority of our total emissions can be classified as Scope 3 emissions img. This includes emissions generated by business trips, commuting, our supply chain and the use of products and services. We have been recording Scope 3 emissions at DT Group in Germany since 2013. We are reporting our Scope 3 emissions for the EU here for the first time. The basic data used to calculate Scope 3 emissions is covered in the benchmarking tool. You will find more information on recording Scope 3 emissions along the value chain here.

* DT Group in Germany plus European fixed /mobile network operators

Reporting against standards

By reporting this data, we fully cover the G4-EN17 (Other indirect GHG emissions) and the E02-01 (Total Scope 1-3 greenhouse gas emissions) EFFAS indicator. This data is also relevant for criteria 11 and 12 (Usage of natural resources) and 13 (GHG emissions) of the German Sustainability Code. It is also used for reporting on the Global Compact  principles 7 (Precautionary approach) and 8 (Promoting environmental responsibility).