One of our goals is to reduce the negative environmental impact of our business activities. One important milestone is our climate target. By the year 2020, we are planning to reduce the absolute amount of CO2 emissions we produce by 20 percent compared to the base year 2008 (excluding T-Mobile US). We expect to achieve this goal. In 2018, we have also developed a new climate target for the period after 2020.
Our integrated climate strategy is part of our Corporate Responsibility strategy, which we have aligned with our Group strategy. This is how we ensure that climate protection measures are closely linked with our core business. We have defined objectives and/or key performance indicators for each of the four aspects of our climate strategy (“Emissions from the value chain”, “Renewable energy”, “Energy efficiency”, and “Positive social effects (Enablement)”).
The four pillars of our integrated climate strategy
We record all direct and indirect emissions using the globally recognized “Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol”. By 2030, we aim to reduce our Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions by 90 percent compared to the base year 2017. Since most of our emissions are caused by the use of electricity, our primary focus is to increase the share of renewable energies in the electricity mix. By 2021, we will fully convert our entire Deutsche Telekom network, across the entire gamut from mobile telecommunications to the high-speed DSL network, to use electricity entirely from renewable sources. We will also reduce emissions produced through the use of gas and oil, for instance. In addition, we will improve efficiency in areas with particularly high energy consumption, especially in our networks and data centers. This has already allowed us to moderately reduce our emissions over the past few years (excluding T-Mobile US) – despite rapidly growing data volumes and the necessary network build-out.
Indirect emissions from the upstream and downstream value chain (Scope 3 emissions ) make up the largest share of our total emissions. We have also set ourselves a target for achieving a reduction in such emissions: by 2030, we aim to reduce all emissions resulting from the manufacture and use of Deutsche Telekom products by 25 percent per customer (using 2017 as our base year).
In September 2019, as part of an international industry initiative, we also committed to reducing our CO2 emissions to "net zero" by 2050 at the latest.
By the year 2020, we are planning to reduce the absolute amount of CO2 emissions we produce by 20 percent compared to the base year 2008 (excluding T-Mobile US). We expect to achieve this goal. In 2018, we have also developed a new climate target for the period after 2020.
We are researching and evaluating various options to increase our proportion of green energy. Possibilities include purchasing energy certificates from renewable sources, but also, where possible, using cogeneration (“CHP”) plants to generate our own renewable energy. Several of our national companies sourced 100 percent of their electricity from renewable sources in 2019: Greece, Croatia, the Netherlands, Austria, and Hungary. When purchasing electricity, we take a variety of sustainability factors into consideration on a Group-wide level. These include, for instance, the average emission factor of the electricity mix (i.e., the amount of emissions for every kilowatt hour of electricity used) and the proportion of renewable energy. These parameters help us make our energy mix more transparent and increase the share of energy obtained from renewable sources at our company. We will shift our entire electricity consumption to 100 percent renewable energy by 2021.
Since the operation of our network infrastructure calls for a considerable amount of energy, we are investing in modernization and energy-efficient technology. For instance, we are migrating our network infrastructure to IP2 emissions. In order to measure our progress, we use key performance indicators (KPIs) Energy Intensity and Carbon Intensity.technology, which is not only more powerful, but also consumes less electricity than existing technologies. In addition, we are working to process data traffic from no more than a few, particularly efficient data centers. Higher energy efficiency also always brings a reduction in CO
Many of our products and services provide sustainability advantages. They can help reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions, improve healthcare, and make logistics more efficient. In addition to our own carbon footprint, we also calculate the positive CO2 effects facilitated for our customers through using our products and solutions. We assess both variables in relation to the “Enablement Factor” ESG KPI . This helps us evaluate our overall performance in relation to climate protection.
Concepts and strategies for climate protection are also developed at our national companies. These can be viewed in the country profiles.