The majority of our total emissions can be classified as Scope 3 emissions . Scope 3 emissions are all emissions from the upstream and downstream value chain, which are generated in the supply chain, by business travel, commuter traffic ("upstream") or at the customer's premises by the use of products and services ("downstream"). Their recording is based on the globally recognized "Greenhouse Gas (GHG)" protocol.
The graph shows Scope 3 emissions from 2017-2019, classified by emission sources. Upstream emissions accounted for around 46% of Scope 3 emissions in 2019, while downstream emissions accounted for around 54%. The basic data used to calculate Scope 3 emissions are reported in the key figure tool. You will find more information on recording Scope 3 emissions along the value chain here.
By reporting this data, we fully cover the GRI 305-3 (Other indirect GHG emissions) and the E02-01 (Total Scope 1-3 greenhouse gas emissions) EFFAS indicator. This data is also relevant for criteria 11 and 12 (Usage of natural resources) and 13 (GHG emissions) of the German Sustainability Code. It is also used for reporting on the Global Compact principles 7 (Precautionary approach) and 8 (Promoting environmental responsibility).